All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

(Article 1 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in Burmese)

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

Article 9:

Those who have the kindness of benefit for others

For the sake of living beings, do not relax their powers.

Though these holy beings bear a heavy burden,

They never put it down and dwell in discouragement.

*the Great Chariot Sutra*

Burma is known as a golden land made of several ranges (or ‘Yoma’ in Burmese) where thousands of tribal memories, wisdoms, religions, cultures and beauties of plants and animals dwell. The rivers, all of them are indeed important to the people and other existences, snake through these beautiful mountainous regions and flow from the north to the south where Indian Ocean is. The peoples, Burma has 103 ethnics, all of them used to be really generous and all they knew was to give.

Since the modern day’s dictators have systematically destroyed, now the golden land is famous for its narcotic trades, refugees, migrant workers and various atrocities and sufferings.

One day, we’ll be free again and the land will be again famous for its beauty.

Gender in Buddhism


Buddhist view is -
When a person dies, he/she can become someone else with opposite sex. A male can become female, and a female can become a male. Although one is a male now, one could be a female in past life; the same to a male - he could be a female in the past life.

A woman may wish to become a man for whatever reason. For example, some women dislike the burdens of womanhood and want to become male. If they have appropriate deeds for support, they can become male afterlife. Men too can want to become women next life with appropriate support of kamma.

Some women became men but they still have the tendency to feel like women. Some men became women and they feel so uncomfortable about their womanhood. They feel misfit. Here a male who was a woman (several past lives) could act like a woman. For the same reason, a woman would act like a man. These people could be stuck in their old mindset.

Some women might have been women in many past lives, so might many men. In general, some women never became men in the past infinity of existence. Womanhood is not necessarily easier than manhood but for a man, womanhood is humiliating.  Men can become women due to their sexual misconducts.

Sexual misconducts are generally adultery, sexual relationship with a minor (a kid age under 10), sexual relationship with a young person without the permission of his/her guardians (such as parents, grandparents, uncle, aunt, sister, brother, teacher, etc.).

Sexual misconduct (Kamesu micchacara) can cause a man (or woman) to be born in boiling copper molten hell, after that to be born as hermaphrodite, to be born as male but castrated, to be born as a woman who doesn't want to be woman, etc. This person can also be born in several different life forms either as god, human or different animals but with above physical and mental defects. 

Only the bodhisattas (who are to become Buddhas or Paccekabuddhas) cannot be born female. Once they a man is recognized as a bodhisatta by a Buddha, his gender is determined that he will not want or do anything to become a woman. This is the kamma vipaka of bodhisattas.

It's all about kamma vipaka (cause and effect or causality).

Gender is not a problem in Buddhism. A being may wish to be either male or female anytime he she can change the mind. Some people are either or neither. Some people seem just confused that they can’t decide to be male or female. Culture is a very big impact to cause confusion. Ideally, we should be straight – in spite of confusion and indecision. We don’t have the right to say who should be what. People may want whatever they want.

Gays, lesbians, transsexual and true hermaphrodites are free in their own rights. But I cannot say anything about the cultures in Buddhist countries. Culture is just the agreements of the people which have existed all along for generations – that means it’s hard to change in a short time.

The best is not to criticize others. We Buddhists are to mind our own business (mindful of passing phenomena – insight meditation) to free ourselves from the recurring life i.e. sufferings. Freedom (nibbana) is the best bliss. Buddhists who practice Dhamma toward freedom shouldn’t see gender, shouldn’t see species, and shouldn’t hold any concepts of any kind so that they will only see the reality the Dhamma.



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